As we know, water is the essential component of the World. It covers 70% of the Earth’s surface in many different forms. Surface waters include oceans and seas that carry 97% of the total water reservoirs of saltwater, and 3% for the freshwaters which cover the greater portions for glaciers and ground water. The little remaining percentage, which is approximately 1%, is just utilizable by humans. As you can notice, we have a limited percentage that we have to fall over backwards on it.
How We Use Freshwater Resources?
As usable water resources’ portion is noticeably poor, we need to think properly how to use it. We have three main areas to distribution of freshwaters which are agriculture, industry, and household. Agriculture accounts for about 70%, 20% for industrial uses, and 8% for household purposes. In agriculture, we use freshwater to produce fruits and vegetables, feed and raise livestock which are very important chains of our life. On the otherhand, in industrial sector, the biggest share of freshwater is stored in reservoirs and dams for electrical power generation and irrigation. And, as the last portion of the usable freshwater, household consumption, it implicates the basic domestic utilization of water such as drinking, bathing, cooking, gardening that we can directly contribute to conscious use of water.
How we can use it efficiently?
It is time to step back and look how much water is wasted. We can avoid to use water unnecessarily, also, of course there is always an option to reduce the water utilization. According to the researches, the biggest portion of the water usage is in bathroom. Shower and toilet flushes are the main contributers. Therefore, there are several actions that we can pay attention to. First, we can collect the water at shower while it is getting hot, then, use it at toilet. Second, it is important to be aware of the time that we spend during shower. The more we spend time, the more we consume water. Thus, it is an option to use a timer to check and warn how much time has passed. Another criteria is the washing machine. This appliance is like a vacuum that absorb much water in it. Consequently, it is a must to use it cleverly. Each and every time do not use it without fullfilling. The second biggest portion of the water usage is in kitchen. We all know that cleaning dishes by hand is not an efficient way. However, we can use dishwasher that tremendously decreases the water consumption. There are many other portions like cooking or gardening which we use water for them. Yet, the key point is always minimize our consumption of water in all detailed thoughts.